"Our dietary habits have effects on our health and well-being. A healthy diet provides us with energy and vital nutrients such as proteins, vitamins, minerals, essential fatty acids, fibre, and phytochemicals that fuel and nourish our bodies. Unhealthy food choices, in contrast, increase the risk of chronic diseases related to poor health outcomes: obesity, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and some cancers.
Traditionally, public health nutrition campaigns were based on a “one-diet-fits-all” approach and used food pyramids and/or portion sizes to make recommendations at a population level. However, we are all unique and have different health needs, nutritional requirements, and personal preferences. Dietary advice given at the population level may therefore not suit everybody. That’s why our Stance4Health app will create personalised nutrition programs that provide dietary advice based on the individual situation of each person. Ultimately, we aim to improve dietary behaviour to promote healthy food choices and a balanced diet in the long term.
People differ in many ways and these differences affect how our bodies respond to certain foods and nutrients. Genotypic differences such as our sex and phenotypic characteristics like age, body size, health status, allergies, and intolerances influence our nutritional requirements. The composition of our gut microbiota varies between individuals and may be altered causing bloating or diarrhoea. Moreover, our physical activity levels play an important role, and people with an active lifestyle may have higher nutritional requirements than sedentary individuals. Additionally, our dietary behaviour is determined by religious beliefs, personal values (e.g., vegans or vegetarians), and sensory preferences. Personalised nutrition provides dietary advice based on all these differences creating a balanced diet suitable for the individual."
Click to see the infographic here: STANCE4HEALTH Infographic