Psychosocial, Eating Behaviour, and Lifestyle Factors Influencing Overweight and Obesity in Adolescents

Adolescence overweight and obesity (AOO) remains to be a global health concern associated with a higher risk of non-communicable diseases.  The challenging double burden of nutrition reflects the coexistence of obesity and malnutrition in many countries, including those in east and south Asia.  This study investigates the determinants and prevalence of adolescent obesity in Indonesia, aiming to offer solutions with global implications.

 Quick takes:

  • According to the Indonesian National Health Survey (INHS), the prevalence of AOO has been on the rise for the past 5 years
  • Potential risk factors included being male, sedentary, lower education, married, having depression symptoms, and the consumption of high fat diet. Further contributing factors included higher socioeconomic status and living in urban locations
  • An association between depression in adolescents and obesity was observed, especially in females
  • Higher consumption of fruit and vegetables or fewer consumption of sweets did not appear to have a protective effect against AOO
  • Preventative and health support programs for young children and adolescents remain to be lacking, reflecting a need for closer attention
  • Population-based interventions, including environmental and lifestyle changes, are urgently needed to combat obesity on a national level
  • Personalised interventions and lifestyle changes are of critical importance to mitigate for potential contributors to AOO

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