Nutritional intake and bone health

Nutritional intake and bone health

Food intake, nutrient sufficiency and dietary patterns play a major role in maintaining bone health.  While the avoidance of a specific food group is likely to have harmful effects, the diversity of food intake is emphasized for bone health and mineral homeostasis

Quick takes:

  • Bone fractures are quite common amongst those older than 50 years of age, affecting 1 in 2 women and 1 in 5 men
  • Fractures lead to increased risk of morbidity and mortality, in addition to an impaired quality of life
  • 60-80% of variations in peak bone mass are due to genetic factors while the rest is related to environmental factors and dietary patterns
  • Recommendations for a decreased risk of fragility fracture include an optimal intake of protein and calcium and sufficient vitamin D, coupled with weight bearing physical exercise
  • Observational studies show that a high consumption of dairy, and fermented products in specific, is associated with lower fracture risk
  • Diversity in nutrient intake and following a dietary pattern like that of the Mediterranean diet is associated with lower fracture risk, which could be attributed to a diversified gut microbiota composition and enhanced function

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