Diet is known to influence heart health. Experts recommend a diet low in sodium and saturated fat to reduce the risk of heart disease. A heart-healthy diet also includes plenty of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. Research shows that the Mediterranean diet—full of fruits, vegetables, fish, cereals, and legumes, with little meat and dairy—may reduce the risk of heart disease.
- A team led by Dr. James M. Shikany of the University of Alabama at Birmingham examined whether dietary patterns are associated with the risk of sudden cardiac death
- The researchers analyzed the diets of more than 21,000 participants using a food questionnaire at the start of the study
- Participants were asked how often and in what quantities they ate 110 foods in the past year
- Based on the questionnaire responses, researchers calculated a Mediterranean diet score.
- They also identified five dietary patterns
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