Effect of Almond Consumption on Metabolic Risk Factors—Glucose Metabolism, Hyperinsulinemia, Selected Markers of Inflammation: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Adolescents and Young Adults

A randomised controlled trial was conducted for 3 months on Indian adolescents and young adults to test the effect of almond consumption on metabolic risk factors

Quick takes:

  • India is currently ranked in 4th place world-wide in terms of impaired glucose tolerance in adults
  • The Indian population has higher total body and visceral fat at similar BMIs, in comparison to the Caucasian populations, that which could lead to the early onset of metabolic syndrome and diabetes
  • The prevalence of impaired glucose is found to be higher in adolescents with abdominal adiposity
  • Daily consumption of 56g of almonds lead to a significant decrease in GbA1C, total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol, and the potential to reduce insulin resistance at the pre-diabetes stage
  • The consumption of almonds could be considered as a preventative strategy against diabetes
  • The introduction of healthy snacks could favourably affect glycaemic and lipid markers and decrease the risk of NCDs in the young Indian population

 To read the article: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnut.2021.668622/full

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