Griffin J, Albaloul A, Kopytek A, Elliott P and Frost G. Effect of ultraprocessed food intake on cardiometabolic risk is mediated by diet quality: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health. 2021
- This cross-sectional study examined the consumption of ultraprocessed food on diet quality and cardiometabolic risk in an occupational cohort.
- They reported that intake of ultraprocessed food was negatively correlated with diet quality, fibre and protein, and positively correlated with consumption of fat, saturated fat and non-milk extrinsic sugars.
- The consumption of ultraprocessed food was associated with a deterioration in diet quality and positively associated with cardiometabolic risk, although this association is mediated by and dependent on the quality of the diet.
- Due to the cross-sectional design a temporal relationship between ultra-processed food intake, diet quality, nutrient composition and cardiometabolic risk could not be assessed.
- Therefore, randomised controlled trials are needed to fully comprehend whether the relationship between ultraprocessed food consumption and health is independent to its relationship with poor diet quality.
- Are all processed foods the same?